Career in Forestry & Wildlife
A Wild-Wide Career Forest resources have been a source of human sustenance, since beginning of humanity. Forests provide the most amazing herbs, medicinal compounds, natural cosmetics and tourism etc. Forest wealth makes up a significant part of the economy of a country. Forestry and Wild Life go together since forests serve as home for wildlife.
Therefore, specially trained personnel are needed to maintain and regenerate the forest cover, forest wealth and resources, specifically at a time when they have seen severe depletion.
Today professionals are in great demand for preservation of natural beauty and ecological health of our planet’s flora and fauna. These professionals in this field study how human society affects plant and animal populations. They work in the laboratories, wilds and zoo and even in offices depending on their areas of specialization.
If you wish to make a career in this field you have an array of careers to choose from. You can be a forester, a conservator, a zoo curator, a wildlife photographer, a scientist etc. If you take this up as a career, you can choose to work for:
- Indian Forest Service
- Forest Management
- Forest Research
- Wildlife Biology/Management
- Others, like Plantation forestry
Indian Forest Service & State Forest Service
A Forest Service Officer for the protection and conservation of forest resources and wild life. India has over 500 protected forest areas. If you get a job in one of these areas, you will be devising, implementing and monitoring detailed management plans for protection and preservation.
A forest management professional does things so that forest resources are not depleted. They identify areas, which require particular attention for fresh planting, felling, and thinning of dense forests or pruning, or pest control. They also plan wildlife reserves, roads leading to interesting spots, recreation points, lakes, etc.
There are a number of areas in which one can be involved. He or she may choose to be involved in research in various areas such as Biological diversity, Human Ecology, Eco-development, Climate Change and Tropical Forests, Animal Communication, Wildlife Biology and Management, Plantation Forestry etc.
- Forest Range Officer
- Zoo curators
- Forestry Technicians
- Senior Forestry Consultant
- Forest Officer
- Forest Firefighters
- Timber Development Forester
- Operations & Development Leader
- Operations Coordinator Forest Professionals
- Operations Forester
- Forestry Staff
- Natural Resource Professional
- Field Operations Supervisor
- Land Use Specialist
- Planning / Operations Supervisor
- Forest Engineer
- Practices Forester
In India courses in Forestry and wildlife are provided both at the undergraduate and post graduate levels. The minimum qualifications required to pursue a 3-4 years, B.Sc (forestry) is to have passed the 10+2 examination with physics, chemistry and biology or agriculture as subjects. One can then take up the 2 year M.Sc in forestry with choice of specialization.
The major courses in forestry and wildlife in India are:
- B.Sc. Forestry
- M.Sc. Forestry
- B.Sc. Wildlife
- M.Sc. Wildlife
- M.Sc. Environmental Science
- M.Sc. Wood Science & technology
The Wildlife Institute, Dehradun, is considered one of the best wildlife Programs. It provides in–service training, has students from the officers rank of the Indian Forest Services and the conservative rank.
The Institute has a 10–month Diploma Course (for officers) and an eight–week Capsule Course for subordinate staffs. The institute also provides a M.Sc from the Saurashtra University. This two–year residential course provides for a PhD in Wildlife Management
The Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment
It offers correspondence courses in ecology and environment–Postgraduate Diploma, B.Sc or M.Sc.
The Centre for Environmental Education, Ahmedabad
A non-governmental organization, it offers courses in environment education, Applicants to this course are screened and short-listed, followed by written tests and interviews, which are held in September.
Salim Ali School of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry
A part of Pondicherry University, offers an MS in Ecology (two years) and a PhD program.
Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal
It offers Postgraduate program in Forestry Management (2-year residential).
Centre for Environmental Law, New Delhi
It offers Diploma in Environmental Law which is duration of five to six months
Arid Forest Research Institute, Rajasthan
Arid Forest Research Institute, situated at Jodhpur in Rajasthan (India), is one of the institutes of the Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education ( ICFRE ) working under the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India.
Courses in Environmental Science
Environmental education in the last 10 or 15 years has gained momentum with more and more students opting for this stream, which in turn has led to more and more universities starting this course. A formal B.Sc or M.Sc in Environmental Science leads entry into the profession. Correspondence courses giving a graduate degree in wildlife management are also available. One can opt for postgraduate and doctoral level courses in Environment at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Delhi University; H. N. Bahuguna Garhwal University, U.P.; Bangalore University; Assam Agriculture University, Jorhat are some which offer such courses.
Other institutions are:
- Agricultural College and Research Institute Coimbatore
- Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke , Ranchi
- Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
- Chaudhary Charan Singh (C.C.S.) Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
- College of Agriculture, Hebbal , Mysore
- College of Agriculture and Regional Research Station, Dharwad
- College of Agriculture, Pantnagar (Udhamsingh Nagar Dist.)
- College of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan
- College of Technology and Agricultural Engineering, Udaipur
- College of Forestry, Srinagar, Srinagar (Srinagar Dist.)
- Dolphin (P.G.) Institute of Bio-Medical and Natural Sciences, Manduwala, Dehradun
- Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, PO Krishinagar , Akola
- Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya : College of Agriculture, Jabalpur
- Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli
- Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneshwar
- Manipur University, Canchipur , Imphal
- Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara
- College of Forestry, KAU P.O, Thrissur , Vellanikkara
- Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara (Kerala), Vellanikkara
- Punjab Agricultural University: College of Agriculture, Ludhiana
- Forest Research Institute, F. R. I University, P. O. IPE, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun
- School of Forestry and Environment: Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHIATS), Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh)
- Ministry of Environment.
- Centre for Environment and Education.
- Multinationals or industries which want to project a green image.
- World Wildlife Fund which has 31 branches in India, often for the post of Education Officers.
- National Museum for Natural History and similar institutes.
- National parks and sanctuaries.
In addition to the various governmental organizations as cited above, the aspirants also have huge opportunities in various private sector firms. They have numerous job openings in many public organizations as mentioned below.
- Food and Agricultural Organizations
- Research and Development Institutes
- Biotechnology firms
- Educational Institutes
- Timber and Plywood Manufacturing firms
The candidates can also find numerous job openings in several foreign country firms after their completion of forestry courses. One can secure a job in various departments such as Office of Environment and Heritage, Department of Premier and Cabinet Environment Protection Authority, and so on in various countries abroad. The remunerations of aspirants in these foreign country firms will also be much higher than one gets from their home land.
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